Qu’est-ce que la polyneuropathie? Comment est-ce lié à la fibromyalgie?

Par: Watt Redd

Beaucoup de personnes atteintes de fibromyalgie souffrent d’une série de maladies supplémentaires. Une des tragédies de vivre avec une douleur aussi douloureuse est qu’elle est non seulement elle-même invalidante, mais elle vous rend également vulnérable à de nombreuses autres conditions. Et l’une des maladies les plus courantes chez les personnes atteintes de fibromyalgie est la polyneuropathie.

La polyneuropathie est une affection dans laquelle les nerfs sont endommagés, ce qui provoque des picotements et des douleurs dans tout le corps. Et parfois, il peut être difficile de faire la distinction entre la douleur de la neuropathie et la douleur de la fibromyalgie. Alors, parlons de neuropathie. Qu’Est-ce que c’est? Comment est-ce lié à la fibromyalgie? Et que pouvez-vous faire pour le traiter?

Qu’est-ce que la polyneuropathie?

La neuropathie est causée par des dommages aux nerfs. En cas de polyneuropathie, le principe est le même, mais spécifiquement, il affecte les nerfs périphériques des deux côtés du corps. Les nerfs jouent un rôle central dans la transmission des signaux de douleur au cerveau. Lorsque le tissu est endommagé, il envoie des signaux au cerveau. Le cerveau, à son tour, traite ce signal et l’interprète comme une douleur. C’est le système qui vous avertit de protéger les tissus endommagés et joue un rôle important dans le fonctionnement du corps.

Mais lorsque les nerfs eux-mêmes sont endommagés, il en résulte une douleur désagréable qui peut devenir chronique. Les symptômes les plus évidents de la polyneuropathie sont une sensation de picotement, de brûlure ou d’engourdissement qui s’étale le long des membres des deux côtés du corps.

Ce qui distingue la polyneuropathie de la neuropathie régulière, c’est que la sensation est symétrique, affectant également les deux côtés du corps.

Comme la fibromyalgie, la polyneuropathie provoque des douleurs dans les membres. Mais vous pouvez distinguer la maladie de la fibromyalgie en examinant attentivement le type de douleur que vous ressentez. S’il s’agit d’une douleur aiguë dans les muscles qui semble irradier de 18 points spécifiques, alors il est probable que la fibromyalgie se manifeste. Mais s’il s’agit plus d’un fourmillement ou d’une sensation de brûlure le long des membres, alors c’est probablement la neuropathie.

Il y a beaucoup de choses différentes qui peuvent causer la neuropathie, et beaucoup d’entre elles peuvent être liées à la fibromyalgie.

Comment est-ce lié à la fibromyalgie?

Il convient de noter à quel point les lésions nerveuses sont fréquentes chez les personnes atteintes de fibromyalgie. On estime que près de la moitié des personnes atteintes de fibromyalgie souffrent également d’une maladie appelée « petite neuropathie périphérique de la fibre. » Ceci est une condition qui provoque le genre de picotements et une sensation de brûlure que nous associons à des lésions nerveuses.

Nous ne savons pas pourquoi, mais cela pourrait refléter le rôle du système nerveux dans la fibromyalgie. Les mêmes voies neurales défectueuses qui causent la douleur de la fibromyalgie peuvent contribuer à la neuropathie chez certains patients.

En outre, le diabète est l’une des causes les plus fréquentes de polyneuropathie. Et les personnes atteintes de fibromyalgie souffrent de diabète à un taux plus élevé que la moyenne. Il est donc possible que si vous souffrez d’une maladie concomitante comme le diabète avec votre fibromyalgie, cela peut entraîner des douleurs nerveuses.

Comment pouvez-vous le traiter?

Il existe plusieurs façons de traiter la douleur nerveuse. La première étape consiste à vous assurer que vous ne faites pas de choix de style de vie susceptibles d’aggraver votre douleur nerveuse. L’alcool est l’un des facteurs les plus nocifs. La consommation d’alcool peut non seulement entraîner des lésions nerveuses, mais elle peut aussi aggraver les lésions nerveuses existantes. La suppression de l’alcool et l’assurance d’une alimentation riche et équilibrée pour corriger les carences en vitamines sont des ajustements du mode de vie qui peuvent vous aider à réduire la quantité de douleur nerveuse que vous éprouvez.

En outre, certaines tâches, telles que la saisie sur un ordinateur, peuvent comprimer vos nerfs, entraînant des dommages. Assurez-vous de prendre des pauses pour des tâches répétitives, surtout si vos membres commencent à picoter ou à se sentir engourdis.

En ce qui concerne les options médicales, il existe quelques médicaments qui peuvent aider à traiter la douleur nerveuse. Fait intéressant, bon nombre d’entre eux sont généralement prescrits pour traiter la fibromyalgie; vous pourriez donc tirer un avantage supplémentaire de vos médicaments.

Le premier type de médicament est les anticonvulsivants. Ceux-ci ternissent certaines des interactions entre les nerfs dans le cerveau. C’est pourquoi ils sont utilisés pour traiter les crises provoquées par les nerfs en fuite dans le cerveau. Et les preuves montrent qu’ils peuvent aussi aider à réduire la douleur de la neuropathie et de la fibromyalgie.

Le deuxième type est les antidépresseurs. Si vous avez reçu un diagnostic de fibromyalgie, il y a de bonnes chances que l’on vous ait déjà prescrit un médicament comme Lyrica ou Cymbalta. Mais non seulement ces médicaments aident à traiter la fibromyalgie, mais ils peuvent également aider à réduire la douleur nerveuse.

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