Muscle pain is one of the main symptoms of fibromyalgia. Pain, stiffness and pain often contribute to increased fatigue and even disability in many people with fibromyalgia. Many fibromyalgia sufferers discover that they have trouble staying active due to the decreased range of motion and persistent muscle pain. Several researchers have theorized that muscle trauma and injuries may actually play a role in the cause of fibromyalgia. Doctors who treat a large number of patients with fibromyalgia report that most patients say their fibromyalgia was caused by an injury, a fact that corroborates the research.
Microtrauma to the muscles
Unfortunately, muscle injuries can be caused by almost anything. From car accidents to aggressive exercise routines, almost all of us suffer muscle injuries at some point in their lives. Most muscle injuries are reported soon after the trauma, however, some lesions remain dormant.
There is a typical story of people who develop fibromyalgia after a trauma. The main complaint reported is usually severe pain in the neck, shoulders and back area. Often, people did not have previous problems with continuous pain before the trauma. Shortly after the accident or trauma, the pain began and never disappeared. X-rays, evaluations, analgesics and other medical treatments can help for a while, but the pain continues to be as intense as initially.
Muscle microtrauma tends to remain undetected by most patients. Sometimes, traumas caused by exercise or car accidents can affect the tiny muscles and nerves of your body. These small muscles can tear, which eventually contributes to the formation of trigger points around the body.
The tender points, or trigger points, are areas in the soft tissues, especially the muscles, which are very sensitive and painful when pressed. Because they are found in different body locations, their presence is the main criterion used to diagnose fibromyalgia. Generalized fibromyalgia is diagnosed when there are generalized tender points in many different places. Localized or regional fibromyalgia, as the name implies, is located in a specific area of the body: the back, the upper part of the body, the lower part of the back, etc. In general, people who have what is called post-traumatic fibromyalgia will have an abnormal tension or nodes with localized spasms that can be felt by touch.
After a muscle injury, your first impulse may be to lie down and rest your muscles. While this may seem useful, it can actually lead to more pain; It could even cause you to develop the chronic pain of fibromyalgia. Muscles should be exercised to maintain tone and condition.
If they are allowed to rest for long periods of time, the muscles lose strength and tone, becoming very weak. As a result, when you resume exercise, your muscles may become spasmed, tightening and becoming engorged.
Oxygen, nutrients and waste materials can get trapped in these muscles, which increases the amount of pain you feel. In this way, it is believed that muscle injuries contribute to the symptoms of fibromyalgia.
Central nervous system injury
Central nervous system injury also seems to be related to fibromyalgia. The central nervous system, which is formed by the brain and the spine, can be easily injured by accidents, stress or infection. Injuries to the central nervous system can interfere with the release of neurotransmitters and hormones, as well as with blood flow, which causes severe pain and other symptoms.
A recent study analyzed the onset of fibromyalgia symptoms in people with neck trauma. It was found that people with neck injuries are 13 times more likely to develop fibromyalgia than those without such injuries.
Central nervous system injury can also interfere with brain wave patterns. Brain waves are electrical patterns that represent the activities of your brain. There are four main types of brain waves, and each one is involved in different processes. The lesions can sometimes interfere with your brain waves, causing sleep disorders, fibrofog and other symptoms of fibromyalgia.
The fibromyalgia syndrome has many people of all ages and backgrounds. Fibromyalgia affects women more than men, especially during the fertile years. More than 80% of people who suffer from fibromyalgia are women, however, some men have the disease.
What has become alarming is that young children are also affected with a condition called Juvenile or Pediatric Fibromyalgia. Although the diagnosis of FM in children is much more difficult than the diagnosis and in adults, since the symptoms appear very gradually and children tend to be inconsistent in the description of their symptoms; However, the pain and challenges are not different from those of adults.
Fibro in old age
At the other end of the spectrum, older adults have the additional challenge that FM pain adds to their existing health problems. As it is likely that they are already dealing with some conditions that seem similar, the diagnosis of FM in elderly people can be a long process.