Fibromialgia: todo lo que necesitas saber sobre esta enigmática enfermedad

Actualmente, casi el 2% de la población mundial padece fibromialgia. En la mayoría de los casos, las mujeres mayores de 45-50 años con sobrepeso leve y osteoartritis padecen fibromialgia.

Los síntomas

Esta enfermedad compleja, cuyas causas siguen siendo desconocidas, se asocia con dolor articular y muscular crónico y difuso que puede aparecer en cualquier parte del cuerpo.

Estos dolores son del tipo de calambres, quemaduras, descargas eléctricas o entumecimiento. También pueden ir acompañados de varios síntomas como:

  • Fatiga constante (incluso después de dormir bien)
  • dolores de cabeza ;
  • depresión
  • trastornos del sueño (síndrome de piernas inquietas y apnea del sueño);
  • trastornos de la sensibilidad táctil;
  • Problemas digestivos, urinarios y cognitivos (la incapacidad para concentrarse).

Además, según los médicos, el dolor intenso y difuso que dura más de 3 meses puede sugerir fibromialgia.


Causas

Aunque, como ya hemos dicho, los médicos no saben exactamente qué causa la fibromialgia, pero suponen que esto probablemente involucre una variedad de factores que trabajan en conjunto. Estos pueden incluir:

  • Genética (algunas mutaciones genéticas pueden hacerlo más susceptible a esta condición)
  • hormonas
  • infecciones (parece que ciertas enfermedades pueden desencadenar o incluso agravar la fibromialgia);
  • Trauma físico o emocional (la enfermedad a veces puede ser provocada por un trauma físico, como un accidente automovilístico o estrés psicológico relacionado con la vida social, familiar o laboral).


Complicaciones

El dolor crónico y la falta constante de sueño asociada con la fibromialgia pueden afectar negativamente la capacidad de “funcionar” normalmente en el hogar o en el trabajo. Como resultado, muchas personas que sufren de fibromialgia no pueden trabajar a tiempo completo. Además, no es infrecuente que las personas con esta afección también sufran depresión y ansiedad.


tratamiento

Aunque por el momento no hay un tratamiento específico, debido a que las causas de la aparición de la enfermedad siguen siendo desconocidas, todavía hay formas que ayudan a aliviar los síntomas. Primero, los médicos recomiendan identificar los desencadenantes de la enfermedad (demasiada o poca actividad física, estrés permanente, falta de sueño) y tratar de eliminarlos de su vida. Luego puede usar medicamentos contra el dolor, actividades físicas (especialmente yoga), una dieta balanceada (rica en antioxidantes, omega-3 y baja en té, cola y café). Terapia cognitiva y conductual, masajes, acupuntura, hipnoterapia y quiropráctica. Más información sobre las formas de tratar la fibromialgia está disponible en este artículo..

Esperamos que esta información le sea útil y le podamos ayudar si es necesario. También lo alentamos a que comparta sus historias de lucha contra esta enfermedad si la padece. Tal vez puedan ayudar a otras personas a combatirlo.

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