Tinnitus is the medical term for “hearing” noises in the ears when there are no external sounds. The sounds you hear can be soft or loud and can sound like a whistle, a whistle, a roar, a buzzing, whistling, whispering or chirping. One may even think that he is listening to the escape of air, running water, the interior of a marine snail or musical notes.
Considerations Tinnitus is common. Almost all people experience a mild form of tinnitus from time to time, which lasts only a few minutes. However, constant or recurrent tinnitus is stressful and can hinder concentration or sleep.
Causes It is not known with certainty what causes a person to “hear” sounds when there is no external sound source.
However, tinnitus can be a symptom of almost any auditory problem, such as:
• Ear infections
• Foreign bodies or cerumen in the ear
• Hearing loss due to loud noises
• Meniere’s disease, an inner ear disorder that involves hearing loss and vertigo
• The consumption of alcohol, caffeine, antibiotics, acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and other drugs can also cause ear noises
• Tinnitus can present with hearing loss. Sometimes, it is a sign of hypertension, allergy or anemia. Rarely, tinnitus is a sign of a serious problem, such as a tumor or an aneurysm.
Tinnitus can be masked with other sounds: music at low volume, ticking of clocks or other noises can help you not to notice tinnitus. The buzz is often more noticeable when you lie down at night, as the surroundings are quieter.
Any sound in the room, such as a humidifier, a machine that produces uniform noises or a fan, can help to mask the tinnitus and make it less irritating.
• Learn some ways to relax. Stress does not cause tinnitus, but feeling stressed or anxious can make it worse
• Avoid caffeine, alcohol and tobacco
• Get plenty of rest
• Try to sleep with your head raised in an elevated position
• This decreases congestion in the head and the noise may become less noticeable
• Protect your ears and hearing to prevent further damage
• Avoid noisy places and sounds
• Use ear plugs if you need them.
Check with your doctor or nurse if:
• Noises in the ears begin after a head injury
• Noises present with other unexplained symptoms, such as dizziness, loss of balance, nausea or vomiting.
• There is an unexplained auditory noise that is annoying for you even after applying the self-help measures.
• The noise is only in one ear and continues for several weeks or more.
The following exams can be done:
• Audiology / audiometry to assess hearing loss
• Computed tomography of the head
• Magnetic resonance of the head • Vascular studies (angiography).
Ask your doctor about all your current medications, including over-the-counter medications, vitamins and supplements.
with your doctor all your current medications, including over-the-counter medications, vitamins and supplements.