Los médicos advierten: ‘el Tramadol está acabando con más vidas que cualquier otra droga’

El analgésico con receta Tramadol que toman cientos de miles de personas cada día, está matando a más personas que cualquier otra droga incluyendo la heroína y la cocaína.

Los médicos advierten: 'el Tramadol está acabando con más vidas que cualquier otra droga'

El analgésico no causa daño si se toma correctamente, pero se convierte en muy peligroso cuando se mezcla con otras drogas o con alcohol. El año pasado hubo 33 muertes solo en Irlanda del Norte relacionadas con Tramadol. Entre los fallecidos había una niña de 16 años de edad, y un jubilado de 70 años. El fármaco a base de opiáceos es utilizado para tratar el dolor moderado o severo y sólo debe tomarse con prescripción médica. En 2014 fue clasificado como droga opioide ilegal de clase “C” no dispensable sin receta médica.

El problema es que muchas personas ya son adictas al Tramadol y están recurriendo al mercado negro para conseguirlo al no poder obtener más recetas por haber terminado su tratamiento o por que su médico les ha prescrito otro medicamento.

“Al ser un medicamento de uso tan común y tan recetado, no creo que la gente se de cuenta del riesgo potencial que corren al tomar Tramadol sin control médico”, explica el profesor Jack Crane, patólogo del Estado de Irlanda del Norte.

Crane reclama que se actualice la clasificación del Tramadol de nuevo para subirlo a clase “A”.

 

Manejo del Dolor: Tolerancia y Adicción

Algunos medicamentos utilizados para tratar el dolor pueden ser adictivos. La adicción es diferente de la dependencia física o tolerancia. En los casos de dependencia física, los síntomas de abstinencia se producen cuando una sustancia se suspende de repente. La tolerancia se produce cuando la dosis inicial de una sustancia pierde su eficacia con el tiempo. La adicción es una respuesta psicológica y de comportamiento que desarrollan algunas personas con el uso de medicamentos narcóticos para el dolor.

Las personas que toman medicamentos opioides durante un largo periodo de tiempo pueden desarrollar tolerancia y dependencia física, aunque esto no significa que sean adictos. En general, la adicción se produce sólo en un pequeño porcentaje de la gente cuando cuándo se utilizan narcóticos con la supervisión médica adecuada.

Los analgésicos opiaceos con efectos similares a los del opio o la morfina, puede ser muy adictivos y funcionan al fijarse a receptores en el cerebro, lo que bloquea la sensación de dolor.

No deben ser usados durante más de 3 o 4 meses, a menos que se haga bajo supervisión directa de su médico.

Algunos nombres de medicamentos opiaceos:

  • Codeína.
  • Fentanilo.
  • Hidrocodona.
  • Hidromorfona.
  • Meperidina.
  • Morfina.
  • Oxicodona.
  • Tramadol.

 

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