Espasmos musculares en la fibromialgia

Uno de los síntomas que puede causar más dolor en la fibromialgia son los espasmos musculares. Estos espasmos contraen los músculos y es muy difícil relajarlos más tarde. Los lugares donde los músculos generalmente se contraen son el cuello, la espalda y los muslos, pero no se limita a esas partes del cuerpo. Además, puede generar espasmos musculares en cualquier momento del día, lo que limita significativamente la actividad física de los pacientes y previene el sueño.

¿Cuál es la causa de estos espasmos musculares en el cuerpo?

Como todo sobre la fibromialgia, no hay una respuesta clara y todavía está bajo investigación. Hasta ahora, solo sabemos que los espasmos musculares están relacionados con los “puntos calientes”. Los puntos sensoriales son puntos específicos en todo el cuerpo que son extremadamente sensibles al tacto en pacientes con fibromialgia e incluso se pueden usar para determinar si un paciente tiene esta afección o no.

Un total de 18 puntos, están en el cuello, la espalda, la espalda baja, las rodillas, los codos y el pecho. Los puntos sensoriales se pueden definir como pequeñas áreas de tejido muscular que están en constante movimiento, y cuando se ven afectadas por Fibro pueden causar dolor. Es importante enfatizar que el dolor generado por estos puntos de dolor no siempre se encuentra en el punto donde los puntos de dolor son y pueden sentirse en otra parte, es decir, a veces el dolor generado por un punto dolorido en el cuello causa dolor en alguna parte de la cara o la espalda baja. Esto a menudo causa confusión cuando acude al médico porque, al informar el sitio del dolor, el médico simplemente no ve nada incorrecto y lo toma como un dolor mental.

Otra posible causa de estos espasmos se asocia con la disfunción del sistema nervioso y los nervios, que puede enviar señales equivocadas a estas áreas debido a Fibro y crear espasmos.

Tratamiento para espasmos musculares

El tratamiento más común para los espasmos musculares son los relajantes musculares. Estos causan la relajación de los músculos y hacen que el espasmo sea menos fuerte y disminuyen constantemente el dolor. Aunque es una buena solución, no es permanente, ya que solo se alivia temporalmente y en caso de espasmos muy fuertes, ni siquiera funciona. La ciclobenzaprina es una buena opción para usar como relajante muscular, pero siempre consulte a su médico antes de tomarlo.

Algunos médicos sugieren tomar suplementos que puedan aliviar el dolor de los espasmos, como el magnesio, el ácido málico, el calcio, el zinc, el complejo B y la creatina. Dado que la falta de energía causada por la fibromialgia provoca un endurecimiento de los músculos, estos suplementos se asocian con un aumento de la energía celular que relajaría los músculos del cuerpo. En algunos pacientes, causan alivio, pero su efectividad en la investigación aún no se ha demostrado, especialmente en casos de fibromialgia. Consulte a su médico para una buena administración de algunos de estos suplementos vitamínicos u otros más adaptados a su caso particular.

Otro tipo de alivio puede provenir de tratamientos no tradicionales como masajes, inyecciones en puntos sensibles y fisioterapia. Además, puedes probar diferentes cosas para mejorar la condición:


  • Aplicar calor con una manta eléctrica
  • Aplique hielo o frío en el área
  • Usa máquinas de masaje
  • alcance
  • Disfruta de actividades físicas relajantes como Tai Chi o Yoga
  • Aplicar cremas musculares

Si cree que tiene fibromialgia o alguno de sus síntomas, no dude en consultar a un médico para obtener el tratamiento adecuado. Si ya ha sido diagnosticado, siempre puede seguir estos consejos con la supervisión de su médico, probando qué es lo mejor para aliviar los síntomas.


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