Fibromialgia: Puntos desencadenantes en el cuello Causan mareos

Los puntos gatillo en el cuello pueden causar mareos y vértigo que muchas personas con fibromialgia experimentan. Estos puntos gatillo pueden distorsionar su percepción y  sentido del equilibrio , causando que deje caer cosas o tropiece y tropezarse con cosas. Muchos síntomas que involucran la cabeza y el cuello, las orejas, los ojos, la nariz y la garganta, pueden deberse a puntos gatillo en el cuello. En esta publicación explicaré: dónde están estos puntos desencadenantes, qué síntomas provocan y cómo auto-tratarlos.

¿Cuáles son los puntos desencadenantes?

En términos simples, un punto de activación es un nudo que se forma en el músculo y envía dolor a otras áreas del cuerpo. Los puntos de activación hacen que el músculo se vuelva más apretado y se acorte. Cuando los músculos se acortan, no pueden atravesar el rango completo de movimiento, alterando la forma en que se mueve, se sienta o se para. Esto conduce a problemas de fuerza y ​​flexibilidad, creando más puntos de activación.

La investigación sugiere que el dolor de la fibromialgia se debe principalmente a  los puntos desencadenantes miofasciales . Por lo tanto, el tratamiento de los puntos gatillo ayudará a controlar el dolor asociado con la fibromialgia.

Puntos desencadenantes en el cuello que causan mareos

scm puntos de activación en el cuello
Los puntos gatillo en el cuello que pueden causar mareos en los músculos esternocleidomastoideos (SCM). El SCM es un músculo grande a lo largo del frente en ambos lados del cuello. Está compuesto por dos bandas musculares interconectadas. Estas bandas musculares comienzan desde el hueso mastoideo detrás de la oreja. Una banda se conecta al esternón (esternón) y la otra se conecta a la clavícula (clavícula). La banda esternal se encuentra en la parte superior de la banda de clavícula.

Las funciones principales de los músculos SCM son girar la cabeza de lado a lado y flexionar la cabeza hacia abajo. El esternocleidomastoideo también ayuda a mantener una posición estable de la cabeza durante otros movimientos del cuerpo. Cualquier posición donde el cuello se mantiene en una posición incómoda puede crear puntos de activación.

Otra función del músculo SCM es elevar el esternón cuando inhalas. El músculo puede sobrecargarse si respira con el cofre, en lugar de con el diafragma. El SCM también ayuda a masticar y tragar.

Síntomas de los puntos gatillo esternocleidomastoideo

Los efectos de los puntos gatillo esternocleidomastoideo pueden ser asombrosamente generalizados. Los síntomas creados por los puntos gatillo SCM incluyen:

  • mareos, vértigo y desequilibrio
  • visión borrosa, visión doble, lagrimeo excesivo, enrojecimiento de los ojos, párpado caído y contracciones del ojo
  • pérdida de audición, tinnitus (zumbido, zumbido o zumbido en los oídos)
  •  dolor de cabeza por migraña , dolor de cabeza sinusal
  • náusea
  • congestión sinusal o drenaje sinusal
  • tos crónica, dolor de garganta
  • rigidez en el cuello
  • sudor frío en la frente
  • fiebre del heno continua o síntomas de resfriado
  • dificultad al tragar

¿Qué causa los puntos gatillo esternocleidomastoideo?

Los puntos de activación se pueden crear mediante posturas que mantienen el SCM contraído para mantener la cabeza en posición, por ejemplo, mirando la pantalla de una computadora o conduciendo. Mantener la cabeza girada hacia un lado o mantener la cabeza hacia atrás para buscar períodos prolongados de tiempo, es seguro que causará problemas. Respirar del pecho en vez del vientre también puede sobrecargar el músculo SCM.

Aquí hay una lista de actividades que pueden crear puntos gatillo SCM:

  • Actividades generales
  • Manteniendo la cabeza vuelta hacia un lado
  • Postura de la cabeza hacia adelante
  • Sosteniendo el teléfono con el hombro
  • Estómago durmiendo
  • Levantamiento pesado
  • Caídas y latigazo
  • Una pierna corta o escoliosis o postura incómoda
  • Estrés y tensión muscular
  • Tos crónica o asma
  • Respiración del pecho

Lanzamiento del punto gatillo esternocleidomastoideo

Lanzamiento del punto gatillo SCMLos puntos gatillo SCM son fáciles de tratar por sí mismos. El grupo muscular SCM puede contener siete puntos gatillo. La división esternal generalmente tiene 3-4 puntos gatillo espaciados a lo largo de su longitud, mientras que la división de la clavícula tiene 2-3 puntos Mientras te miras en un espejo gira la cabeza hacia un lado. Verás la rama esternal.

  1. Agarre el músculo con el pulgar y los dedos curvados en forma de C y gire la cabeza hacia atrás para mirar al espejo.
  2. Mantenga la cara mirando hacia adelante, incline la cabeza ligeramente hacia abajo y hacia el mismo lado que está masajeando.
  3. Presione con la fuerza suficiente para que se sienta cómodo e intente discriminar entre las dos ramas. Cada rama es casi tan grande como su dedo índice. Si prestas mucha atención, deberías poder sentirlos por separado.
  4. Ordeñe el músculo con movimientos cortos repetidos hacia arriba y hacia abajo, comience por el medio y avance hasta detrás de la oreja y luego hasta la clavícula.
  5. Si encuentras una mancha que duele, pellizca suavemente el punto gatillo. Reduzca la presión hasta que no sienta ningún dolor. Una vez que esté por debajo del umbral del dolor, aumente lentamente la presión durante 60-90 segundos.

Haga esto en ambos lados, un par de veces al día. Simplemente sea fácil al principio y trabaje a un nivel de presión que se sienta bien para usted.

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