Les symptômes de la fibromyalgie et les troubles les plus courants

Il a été scientifiquement prouvé qu’il y a des altérations dans les neurotransmetteurs de la douleur. Le plus important se trouve dans la sérotonine, qui intervient dans l’inhibition des sensations douloureuses et est fortement diminuée chez les personnes atteintes de fibromyalgie. Bien qu’il puisse également y avoir des altérations de la dopamine et des endorphines, entre autres. Merci à cette découverte, il y a maintenant un consensus pour considérer la  douleur dans la fibromyalgie réelle.

Les principaux symptômes sont:

Altérations du rythme du sommeil: Entre 56 et 72% des patients souffrent. Pendant le sommeil, vous n’atteignez pas les états de sommeil profond. Cela signifie qu’il n’y a pas de sommeil réparateur qui mène à la sensation de sommeil et que la fatigue est présente tout au long de la journée.

Altérations psychologiques: Il est courant, entre 30 et 70%, que les personnes souffrant de fibromyalgie présentent des niveaux élevés d’anxiété, de dépression et de stress.

Diminution de la force et des troubles de la relaxation musculaire. Bien qu’il soit important de noter qu’il n’y a pas d’inflammation dans la musculature.

Douleur dans le système locomoteur: Cette douleur s’aggrave avec des températures froides, des climats défavorables, le stress et l’activité physique. Et il s’améliore avec l’application de la chaleur de façon localisée, repos, massage et exercices d’étirement.

Rigidité du système locomoteur: Il est habituellement souffert par 76% des patients et dure 90 minutes ou plus.

Sensation subjective d’inflammation dans les articulations et de picotement ou d’engourdissement diffus ou dans les extrémités.

Fatigue, fatigue extrême: Entre 80 et 90% des patients souffrent de fatigue, surtout le matin.

Bouche sèche: Environ 10% des personnes atteintes de fibromyalgie souffrent de ce symptôme.

Obésité ou surcharge pondérale: Il est courant en raison de la faible activité physique pouvant être exercée par les personnes atteintes de fibromyalgie (le repos améliore les symptômes).

Troubles gastro-intestinaux sont les brûlures d’estomac le plus fréquent (brûlures d’estomac), dysphagie (difficulté à avaler de la nourriture), aérophagie (gaz), les ballonnements, la diarrhée ou la constipation et le syndrome du côlon irritable.

23 thoughts on “Les symptômes de la fibromyalgie et les troubles les plus courants

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