La fibromialgia en realidad no es una enfermedad autoinmune ۔ ¿por qué la gente se confunde?

Es posible que haya visto información contradictoria sobre la fibromialgia y las enfermedades autoinmunes. Algunas personas le dirán que se considera una enfermedad autoinmune, otros le dirán que no. Sin embargo, debe saber que los médicos no consideran que la fibromialgia sea una enfermedad autoinmune.

Resultado de la imagen para Enfermedades autoinmunes

La causa de esta enfermedad debilitante es desconocida y las personas que tienen otras enfermedades podrían ser mucho más propensas a verse afectadas por ella. Las enfermedades que hacen que un individuo sea más susceptible a la fibromialgia son: espondilitis anquilosante, lupus y artritis reumatoide. Por lo general, los síntomas de la fibromialgia son los mismos que los de algunas de estas enfermedades autoinmunes, lo que hace que el diagnóstico sea mucho más difícil.

¿Por qué la fibromialgia no se considera una enfermedad autoinmune?

En este momento, la fibromialgia no se considera una enfermedad autoinmune. La investigación adicional podría cambiar esto, pero eso no parece probable en este momento. Aunque algunos casos de fibromialgia implican una desregulación del sistema inmune en sí, esto es muy diferente a la desregulación causada por una enfermedad autoinmune. En este momento, los investigadores no han podido comprender totalmente la naturaleza de la desregulación causada por la fibromialgia.

Enfermedades autoinmunes explicadas

Como se mencionó anteriormente, las enfermedades autoinmunes incluyen la espondilitis anquilosante, el lupus, la artritis reumatoide y otras. En ninguna parte de esta lista encontrará fibromialgia enfermedad autoinmune. Entonces, aunque la fibromialgia sí exhibe los síntomas de una enfermedad / trastorno autoinmune, no se la considera una.

 

¿Cuáles son los síntomas de una enfermedad autoinmune?

Hay muchos síntomas de una enfermedad autoinmune, muchos de los cuales son iguales o casi iguales en aquellos que tienen fibromialgia. Los siguientes son algunos de los síntomas que ocurren con las enfermedades autoinmunes que también podrían apuntar a la fibromialgia.

  • Fatiga extrema: este es el nivel de fatiga que no ayuda al descansar un poco.
  • Dolor articular y muscular: puede tratarse de una variedad de dolores, desde dolor general hasta ardor, dolores, dolor general en los músculos y dolores / molestias en las articulaciones.
  • Debilidad muscular: sensación de debilidad en los músculos, así como pérdida de la fuerza de manos / brazos o piernas / muslos.
  • Glándulas hinchadas, especialmente aquellas en la garganta, debajo de los brazos y en la parte superior de las piernas alrededor de la ingle.

Mayor susceptibilidad a las infecciones: las infecciones frecuentes de la vejiga, los resfriados, las infecciones del oído, las infecciones por levaduras, el dolor de garganta y los problemas de sinusitis son muy comunes entre los pacientes con fibromialgia y los pacientes con trastornos autoinmunes. Además, experimentará un tiempo de recuperación mucho más lento si tiene un trastorno autoinmune.

  • Disturbios del sueño: problemas para quedarse dormido.
  • Aumento / pérdida de peso: cambios en el peso, por lo general en un rango de 10 a 15 libras.
  • Nivel bajo de azúcar en la sangre: esto indica fatiga suprarrenal.
  • Cambios en la presión arterial: puede tener presión arterial muy alta o muy baja, en combinación con sensación de vértigo o mareo, palpitaciones / fluctuaciones en la frecuencia cardíaca y / o desmayos.
  • Infecciones por levaduras Candida: esto incluye infecciones sinusales, problemas digestivos, aftas o incluso infecciones vaginales por hongos.
  • Alergias: alérgicas / sensibles a ciertos químicos, alimentos y cosas en el ambiente.
  • Problemas digestivos: esto incluye acidez, estreñimiento, calambres, hinchazón, dolor en el abdomen, exceso de gases e incluso la diarrea es bastante común.
  • Depresión / Ansiedad: cambios en el estado de ánimo y las emociones, excesivamente irritables e incluso ataques de pánico.
  • Problemas de memoria: esto a menudo se manifiesta como lo que se llama “niebla mental” en la que solo puedes recordar cosas vagamente.
  • Problemas de tiroides: por lo general, el problema es el hipotiroidismo, aunque a veces puede ser hipertiroidismo y, por lo general, no aparece en una prueba de tiroides. Esto puede manifestarse como una pérdida de cabello excesiva y una temperatura corporal baja.
  • Los dolores de cabeza que siguen ocurriendo pueden ser dolores de cabeza severos o migrañas.
  • Fiebres de bajo grado: bastante comunes, algunas experimentan esto todos los días.
  • PMS- hinchazón, sangrado abundante, calambres extremos y un ciclo irregular son bastante comunes con la fibromialgia y una enfermedad autoinmune.

Síntomas comunes de fibromialgia

– Dolor en todo el cuerpo: es un dolor punzante, punzante / punzante, intenso y penetrante dentro de los músculos.

– Fatiga – sentirse completamente drenado de energía (puede ser uno de los síntomas más debilitantes).

– Dificultad para dormir: esto incluye tanto caerse como quedarse dormido. No dormirá lo suficiente, por lo que se siente completamente privado de sueño al levantarse.

– Brain Fog- problemas con enfocarse / concentrarse en cosas, retener información recientemente aprendida, etc.

– Rigidez al despertarse por las mañanas: los músculos se sienten más doloridos en las mañanas y las personas se sienten más rígidas de lo normal. Por lo general, estirar suavemente los músculos y tomar una ducha / baño caliente ayuda a relajarlos.

– Anudamiento, calambres, debilidad en los músculos: no importa cuánto haga para relajar los músculos, todavía se sienten muy tensos. El dolor que es causado por la fibromialgia en sí podría ser una fuente de debilidad muscular.

– Trastornos digestivos: el dolor abdominal, la hinchazón, el estreñimiento, las náuseas, la diarrea, el gas, el SII y más son muy comunes con la fibromialgia. Además, la digestión lenta y el reflujo ácido son comunes.

– Migrañas / dolores de cabeza: estos generalmente están presentes al menos dos veces por semana y se clasifican como dolor severo, generalmente con un componente de migraña. El dolor se debe en parte a los puntos gatillo ubicados en la cabeza, el cuello y los hombros.

– Problemas con el equilibrio: por lo general, las personas que padecen fibromialgia tienen problemas para caminar y aumentan sus probabilidades de caerse.

– Piel ardiente / pruriginosa: puede tener protuberancias con comezón / rojas o su piel puede estar completamente limpia y arder como cuando se quemó por el sol.

Compare la Fibromialgia y la Autoinmunidad

Aunque algunos de los síntomas son bastante similares, e incluso exactamente iguales en algunos casos, la investigación sobre la fibromialgia no ha encontrado un vínculo con la autoinmunidad. No ha habido marcadores inflamatorios que se hayan elevado consistentemente, no se han descubierto anticuerpos, y los investigadores no han observado el daño que es típico de la actividad autoinmune dentro del cuerpo.

Sin embargo, ha habido una superposición significativa que se ha observado entre las enfermedades autoinmunes específicas y la fibromialgia que muestra la posibilidad de que aquellos que tienen autoinmunidad son susceptibles de desarrollar fibromialgia. Estos son:

  • Artritis Reumatoide
  • Tiroiditis autoinmune de Hashimoto
  • Lupus

¿Por qué la gente se confunde?

El hecho de que las personas malinterpreten el significado de “autoinmunidad” contribuye en gran medida a la incomprensión entre los dos. Además, podría ser a las similitudes entre los dos.

Por ejemplo: tanto la fibromialgia como los trastornos autoinmunes tienen fatiga, dolor y varios otros síntomas muy comunes; tanto la fibromialgia como los trastornos autoinmunes pueden ser bastante difíciles de diagnosticar y pueden tomar mucho tiempo en resolverse; una mala comprensión común de los dos, incluso aquellos en la comunidad médica no siempre entienden la fibromialgia y los trastornos autoinmunes, por lo que los agrupan porque en la superficie, parecen ser los mismos.

Sin embargo, debe comprender la diferencia entre los dos porque aunque parezcan ser los mismos, los tratamientos son muy diferentes. No desea ser tratado por uno si tiene el otro: el tratamiento no sería exitoso.

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